Skip to main content

Bible Study: For Such A Time As Now - Esther - Chapter 4


4:1 - Cry - To express his deep sense of the mischief coming upon his people. It was bravely done, thus publickly to espouse a just cause though it seemed to be a desperate one. (John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible)

4:2 - Sackcloth - Lest it should give the king any occasion of grief and trouble. But what availed, to keep out the badges of sorrow unless they could have kept out the causes of sorrow too? To forbid sackcloth to enter unless they could likewise forbid sickness, and trouble, and death? (John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible)

4:3 And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
and many lay
Heb. sackcloth and ashes were laid under many. Isaiah 58:5; Daniel 9:3. (Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition))

Did the Jews think this was their punishment for not returning to Jerusalem?

4:4 - To clothe - That so he might be capable of returning to his former place, if not of coming to her to acquaint her with the cause of his sorrow. (John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible)

Esther may have sent clothes to Mordecai because she wanted him to be able to come close enough to speak with her face-to-face. Notice in verse 2 it says that no one dressed as Mordecai was could enter the king’s gate.

4:6-8 – Hathach may have learned that Esther was a Jew from his conversation with Mordecai.

4:11 - Inner court - Within which, the king's residence and throne was. Not called - This was decreed, to maintain both the majesty, and the safety of the king's person; and by the contrivance of the greater officers of state, that few or none might have access to the king but themselves and their friends. I have not been called, &c. - Which gives me just cause to fear that the king's affections are alienated from me, and that neither my person nor petition will be acceptable to him. (John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible)

4:14 - From another place - This was the language of strong faith, against hope believing in hope. Who knoweth - It is probable God hath raised thee to this honour for this very season. We should every one of us consider, for what end God has put us in the place where we are? And when an opportunity offers of serving God and our generation, we must take care not to let it slip. (John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible)

see Jeremiah 33:14-26.

4:16 - Fast - And pray; so as you use to do, leave off your common dinners by day, and suppers at night, and eat and drink no more than mere necessity requires; that so you may give yourselves to constant and fervent prayers. Maidens - Which she had chosen to attend upon her person, and were doubtless either of the Jewish nation, or Proselytes. Which is not, &c. - Which may belong, either
to the thing only, that as they did fast, so she would. Or, rather,
to the time of three days and three nights; for so she might do, though she went to the king on the third day.
For the fast began at evening, and so she might continue her fast three whole nights, and two whole days, and the greatest part of the third; a part of a day being reputed a day in the account of scripture, and other authors: of which see on 12:40. Yea, she might fast all that day too: for it is probable she went not to the king 'till he had dined; when she supposed she might find him in the most mild and pleasant humour, and then returned to her apartment, where she fasted 'till the evening. (John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible)

Maids were either Jews or obedient Persians.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Homiletics Genesis 27-28

26 February 2013 Contents: 1 27:1-4 When Isaac was old, he called Esau to hunt and make food so Isaac could bless him. 2 27:5-10 Rebekah heard and told Jacob to bring 2 goats she would cook so Isaac would bless him. 3 27:11-17 Jacob feared a curse but Rebekah dressed him in Esau’s clothes and goat skins and made the food. 4 27:18-23 Jacob went to Isaac and Isaac questioned his hunting success, felt him and blessed him. 5 27:24-29 Isaac ate and drank, smelled his son and blessed him with God’s abundance and the servitude of family and nations. 6 27:30-33 Jacob barely left when Esau came asking for the blessing; Isaac trembled asking who he blessed. 7 27:34-37 Esau begged for blessing but Isaac said Jacob took it, that Esau will serve Jacob and Isaac can do nothing. 8 27:38-40 Esau said, “bless me” and wept so Isaac “blessed” hi

Homiletics Training: Content

Homiletics .   By definition, “homiletic” is the art of preaching or writing sermons.   I think we would all agree that our pastors study the Bible thoroughly to deliver sermons every Sunday to their congregations.   The beautiful news is that every child of God can use this discipline to study the Bible for themselves. As a member of Bible Study Fellowship (BSF) Leadership, part of my required preparation each week is to prepare homiletics for the passage we are studying.   BSF offers an engaging seminar on how to use this method to study the Scriptures.   I’ve taken the seminar several times under two different leaders and I’ve learned something new every time I’ve attended.   I’ve also been doing the process of homiletics for over ten years and I can say that there is no better teacher than the Holy Spirit in this process!   So keep practicing.   Keep sharing and discussing.   I’ve been posting my homiletics on this blog for quite a while, now.   And I would like to share wit

Homiletics Genesis 32-33

12 March 2013 Contents:             Where?                   Mahanaim, Succoth, Shechem                                  Who?   Jacob and caravan, Esau 1 32:1-5 Jacob names Mahanaim when he sees angels and sends messengers to meet Esau that Jacob might find favor in his sight. 2 32:6-8 Messengers tell Jacob Esau is coming and Jacob is afraid and divides caravan into 2 companies so one might escape if they’re attacked. 3 32:9-12 Jacob prayed God would deliver him from Esau and reminded God of promises to prosper him and make descendants numerous. 4 32:13-21 Jacob slept, selected a gift for Esau, instructed his servants about greeting Esau and slept again. 5 32:22-24 He rose, moved his family and possessions across the stream, then wrestled with a man until daybreak. 6 32:25-27 The man dislocated Jacob’s thigh but Jacob wouldn’t let go till the man blessed him.