Saturday, October 10, 2015

Homiletics Matthew 22:15-23:39

written 12 March 2014


Contents (not sentence, direct verbiage from Scripture):  Where?  Jerusalem (Temple?)   Who?  Jesus, Pharisees, Herodians, Sadducees, Multitude, Disciples

1
22:15-17
Pharisees took counsel how entangle Him; sent Herodians: Master, thou art true, teachest way of God, regardest not person of men; lawful give Caesar tribute?
2
22:18-22
J perceived wickedness: why tempt me, hypocrites; shew tribute money, they brought penny; Whose image/superscription; They: Caesar’s, J:give Caesar Caesar’s and God God’s; they marveled, left.
3
22:23-28
Same day Sadducees, say no resurrection: Master, if man die no children, brother marry wife raise seed unto brother; 7 bros, first married, deceased, left wife to bro, likewise second, third, unto seventh; woman died; in resurrection, whose wife she be?
4
22:29-34
J: Ye err, not knowing scriptures/power of God; in resurrection neither marry but are as angels; have ye not read: I am God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob; God not God of dead but living; multitude astonished, Pharisees heard He put Saducees to silence/gathered.
5
22:35-40
One of them, lawyer, tempting: Master, which is great commandment in law; J: love God with all heart, soul, mind; this 1st and great commandment; 2nd like it – love neighbor as thyself; on these hang all law/prophets.
6
22:41-46
J: what think of Christ, whose son is he; P: David; J: how David in spirit call him Lord – Lord unto my Lord, sit thou my rt hand till I make enemies footstool; if D call him Lord, how He his son; no man able to answer, neither any man ask any more questions.
7
23:1-7
J to mult/Disc: scribes/Phar in Moses’ seat, all they bid you observe, observe/do, do not after their works, they say and do not; they bind heavy burdens men’s shoulders, they not move them with their fingers; their works to be seen of men, broad phylacteries, enlarge borders of garments, love uppermost rooms at feasts/chief seats in synagogues/greetings in markets/to be called Rabbi,Rabbi.
8
23:8-12
Be not called Rabbi, master – Christ, ye brethren; call no man father, one Father – heaven; neither be called masters, Master = Christ; greatest be servant; whoever exalt himself abased, he that humble himself exalted.
9
23:13-15
Woe scribes/Phar, hypocrites, ye shut up koh against men, ye neither go in/suffer them entering go in; woe s/P, hypocrites, devour widows houses, for pretense make long prayer, ye receive greater damnation; woe s/P, hyp, compass sea/land to make ne proselyte, when made, ye make him more child of hell than yourselves.
10
23:16-19
Woe blind guides, say, swear by temple is nothing, but whoever swear by gold in temple is debtor; fools/blind – greater gold or temple that sanctifieth; swear by altar is nothing, swear by gift upon it, guilty; fools/blind – greater gift or altar that sanctifieth
11
23:20-22
Whoso swear by altar, swear by it/all things thereon; whoso swear by temple, swear by it/Him that dwelleth therein; he that swear by heaven, swear by throne of God and Him that sitteth thereon.
12
23:23-26
Woe s/P, hyp, pay tithe (mint, anise, cumin), omitted weightier matters of law, judgment, mercy, faith; these ought ye have done and not leave other undone; ye blind guides, strain gnat, swallow camel; woe s/P, hyp, make clean outside cup/platter, within full of extortion/excess; blind P, cleanse first within cup/platter that outside clean also.
13
23:27-32
Woe s/P, hyp, like whited sepulchers, appear beautiful, full of dead bones/all uncleanness; appear righteous, full of hypocrisy/iniquity; woe s/P, hyp, build tombs of prophets/garnish sepulchers of righteous/say would not have been partakers in blood of prophets; be witnesses unto yourselves – ye children of them that killed prophets; fill ye up measure of fathers.
14
23:33-36
Serpents, gen of vipers – how escape damnation; I send prophets, wise men, scribes; ye kill/crucify/scourge in synagogues/persecute; upon you all righteous blood shed on earth from Abel unto Zacharias (son of Barachias) slew between temple and altar; all these come upon this gen.
15
23:37-39
Jerus, Jerus, that killest prophets/stonest them sent, how often would I have gathered children as hen gathereth chickens and ye would not; behold your house desolate; ye not see me till ye say, Blessed he that cometh in name of Lord.

 

Divisions (run-on sentence OK, direct verbiage from Scripture):

1
22:15-46
Pharisees took counsel how entangle; sent Herodians: Master, lawful give Caesar tribute; J perceived wickedness: shew tribute money, Whose image/superscription; They: Caesar’s, J:give Caesar Caesar’s/God God’s; they marveled, left; Same day Sadducees (no resurrection): Master, if man die no children, brother marry wife raise seed unto brother; 7 bros, first married, deceased, left wife to bro, likewise second, third, unto seventh; in resurrection, whose wife she be; J: Ye err, not knowing scriptures/power of God; in resurrection neither marry, as angels; have ye not read: I am God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob; not God of dead but living; multitude astonished, Pharisees gathered; One of them, lawyer, tempting: Master, which is great cmdmt; J: love God with all heart, soul, mind; this 1st/great cmdmt; 2nd like it – love neighbor as self; on these hang all law/prophets; J: Christ, whose son is he; P: David; J: how David in spirit call him Lord – Lord unto my Lord, sit thou my rt hand till I make enemies footstool; if D call him Lord, how He his son; no man able to answer, neither ask more questions.
Principle:
If we know Scripture and the power of God, we know the truth.
We are commanded to love God and others.
Christ’s questions lead people to deeper understanding and truth.
2
23:1-12
J to mult/Disc: scribes/Phar in Moses’ seat, all they bid, observe/do, do not after their works, they say and do not; bind heavy burdens men’s shoulders, not move them; their works to be seen of men, broad phylacteries, enlarge borders of garments, love uppermost rooms/chief seats/greetings/be called Rabbi,Rabbi; Be not called Rabbi, master = Christ, ye brethren; call no man father, one Father – heaven; neither be called masters, Master = Christ; greatest be servant; whoever exalt himself abased, he that humble himself exalted.
Principle:
Don’t follow leaders who don’t walk the talk.
God will exalt those who seek to make a name for Him rather than themselves.
3
23:13-39
Woe scribes/Phar, hypocrites, shut koh against men, neither go in/suffer them entering go in; devour widows houses, for pretense make long prayer, receive greater damnation; compass sea/land to make proselyte, make him more child of hell than yourselves; Woe blind guides: swear by temple is nothing, but whoever swear by gold in temple is debtor; fools/blind – greater gold or temple that sanctifieth; swear by altar is nothing, swear by gift upon it, guilty; fools/blind – greater gift or altar that sanctifieth; Whoso swear by altar, swear by it/all thereon; whoso swear by temple, swear by it/Him that dwelleth therein; he that swear by heaven, swear by throne of God and Him that sitteth thereon; Woe s/P, hyp, pay tithe (mint, anise, cumin), omitted weightier matters of law, judgment, mercy, faith; these ought ye have done and not leave other undone; blind guides, strain gnat, swallow camel; woe s/P, hyp, make clean outside cup/platter, within full of extortion/excess; blind P, cleanse within cup/platter, outside clean also; Woe s/P, hyp, like whited sepulchers, appear beautiful, full of dead bones/all uncleanness; appear righteous, full of hypocrisy/iniquity; build tombs of prophets/garnish sepulchers of righteous/say would not have been partakers in blood of prophets; be witnesses unto yourselves – ye children of them that killed prophets; fill ye up measure of fathers; Serpents, gen of vipers – how escape damnation; I send prophets, wise men, scribes; ye kill/crucify/scourge/persecute; upon you all righteous blood shed on earth from Abel unto Zacharias (son of Barachias) slew between temple and altar; all these come upon this gen; Jerus, Jerus, that killest prophets/stonest them sent, how often would I have gathered children as hen gathereth chickens and ye would not; behold your house desolate; ye not see me till ye say, Blessed he that cometh in name of Lord.
Principle:
Following legalistic rules to be perceived as righteous is a damning practice.
It’s not our outside appearance that makes us holy, but an inside that has been cleansed by the blood of Jesus.
Jesus is willing to gather all sinners to Himself.

 

Subject Sentence (10-word sentence with proper structure):

Pharisees attempt to entangle Jesus, Who teaches humility and woes.

 

Aim (Christian and Non-Christian):

TCMAT seek to be humble in their walk with Christ.

 

Application:

1
What was the Pharisees’ relationship with the Herodians and the Sadducees?
What is unique about the Herodians’ question for Jesus?
What is intriguing about the Sadducees’ question for Jesus?
What does the fact that God is the God of the living, not the dead, mean for Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and you?
How have you lived out the 1st and 2nd greatest commandments this week?
How can Jesus be David’s son when David calls Him Lord?
2
In what areas of your life are you talking the talk but not walking the walk?
In what way have you served God alone, not to be seen by men?
What practices do you observe to humble yourself?
How have you experienced God’s exaltation because of your humility?
3
How would you summarize the woes Jesus proclaimed against the Pharisees?
What does it mean to strain a gnat and swallow a camel?  Can you share a practical example?
Explain how the Pharisees are like whited sepulchers.  Do you know anyone like this?  Don’t name names.
In what way was the house of Jerusalem desolate?

 

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