Friday, July 03, 2009

Bible Study: Taking A Stand - Daniel - Chapter 5

539 BC (Blueprint – Arthur)

October 12, 539 BC – Great feast on the eve of the fall of the Babylonian Empire. (Daniel – Beth Moore)

Daniel was 80 years old or so.

King Nebuchadnezzar reigns succeeded by Evil Merodach who ruled for two years. He was assassinated by his brother-in-law in 560BC Neriglissar (Nergal-Sharezzar in Jeremiah 39:3, 13) rules succeeded by son, Labashi-Marduk who only ruled two months (May-June 556 BC) before being assassinated and succeeded by Nabonidus Nabonidus reigns and appointed Belshazzar co-regent Banquet on the eve of the fall of the Babylonian Empire
Forty-Three Years Two Years Four Years Two Months Seventeen Years
605-562 BC
562-560 BC 560-556 BC
May-June 556 BC 556-539 BC October 12, 539 BC
(Daniel – Beth Moore) – Daniel probably sunk into obscurity because of all of the political intrigue after King Nebuchadnezzar’s death.

5:1 – King Belshazzar was the son of the king, Nabonidus, who absented himself in Arabia while Belshazzar acted as regent in the capital. (NIV SB)

5:2 – see Exodus 30:25-30; 2 Chronicles 36:5-7, 11-21; Numbers 7:1.

Gold and silver goblets – see Daniel 1:2; Leviticus 8:10-11 – anointed articles – masiyah – the anointed one; 2 Chronicles 7:16 – consecrated – qadas – “to be clean, pronounce clean (ceremonially or morally), to consecrate to God, declare as holy, treat as holy. Signifies an act or state in which people or things are set aside and reserved exclusively for God.” (Daniel – Beth Moore)

5:2-3 – Satan wants to use our holy vessels to toast an unholy cause. He’ll do anything to make us act as less than we are – consecrated people. (Daniel – Beth Moore)

wives and concubines – culturally, women didn’t participate in such feasts with men. This was an unholy, drunken orgy! (Daniel – Beth Moore)

Satan wants to convince us that we’re not holy. When desecrating us, the enemy is happy about anything he gets away with! However, vessels that have been treated as unholy can be treated as holy again. See 2 Timothy 2:20-21; Ezra 1:2, 7-8; 8:28-29. (Daniel – Beth Moore)

5:3 – they brought out the gold goblets – they didn’t mention the silver goblets. Why not? Is it perhaps that only the kingdom of gold would be held responsible for this blasphemy? By the end of this chapter, the silver kingdom has defeated Babylon and begun to rule. (Daniel – Beth Moore)

5:5 – were these the same fingers that etched the 10 commandments? I believe so!

Archaeologists have unearthed a large hall in Babylon with plaster walls! (Daniel – Beth Moore)

5:6 – King Belshazzar was literally disjointed.

5:7 – 3rd highest ruler – Nabonidus was first, Belshazzar was second. (NIV SB)

5:8 – the writing on the wall is in Aramaic, the common language. (Life App SB)

5:9-10 – Belshazzar was “screaming like a girl”! (Daniel – Beth Moore)

5:10 – the queen referred to here may have been the wife of Nebuchadnezzar. (Life App SB) Or could have been the wife of Nabonidus, the king of Babylon at the time. (NIV SB)

5:12 – solving difficult problems – loosening of knots. (Daniel – Beth Moore)

5:17 – Daniel didn’t desire gifts for himself. (Life App SB) He sought to glorify God. What motivates you? Glory for yourself? Or glory for God? Would you still do the right thing if punishment were the reward?

5:22 – Daniel is respectful, but speaks the painful truth to the king.

“King Nebuchadnezzar’s temporary insanity may have been hidden at the time from the masses, but his children and grandchildren were undoubtedly and painfully aware. Any family member who didn’t see his madness firsthand most assuredly overheard the sordid details. If Nebuchadnezzar’s family was like most of ours, they probably would have preferred to keep the whole ordeal a secret rather than risk people thinking their royal blood could be tainted with insanity. Nebuchadnezzar, however, preferred the public route. With pleasure he testified of his fall to pride and the uncontested greatness and power of God Most High. Unquestionably Belshazzar knew the consequences his grandfather had endured as a direct result of his sinful pride. ‘You … have not humbled yourself, though you knew all this’ (v.22).” (Daniel – Beth Moore)

Beth Moore stated that one of King Neb’s sins was not paying attention to the plight of the poor. See Proverbs 14:31 – “He who oppresses the poor shows contempt for their Maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honors God.”

5:22-23 – 3 charges against Belshazzar: (NIV SB)

1. He sinned through disobedience and pride, not ignorance.
2. He defied God by desecrating the sacred vessels
3. He praised idols and so did not honor God.

If we don’t humble ourselves, we set ourselves up against the Lord. That means we engage in open rebellion! Bad. Bad. Bad.

See 1 Peter 5:5 for a contrasting view. (Daniel – Beth Moore)

5:25 – literal translation: “a mina, a mina, a shekel, and half shekels.” Mene – to number, to reckon. Tekel – to weigh. Upharsin – to break in two, divide. (Daniel – Beth Moore)

5:25-28 – “The interpretation of mene is painfully clear. And Just in case Belshazzar missed his finish, God repeated it. Look at Daniel’s interpretation of tekel. Whether we’re frightened or relieved by the prospect, God’s Word assures us that the kings of the earth and the heads of state will receive a divine evaluation. A report card from God. Belshazzar’s grade? “F” for found ’lacking, deficient in moral worth.” …The final word, peres, (or parsin in some translations) means ‘divided,’ but God wrote it as a word play on Belshazzar’s board that day. Like ancient Hebrew, Aramaic scripts were written only in consonants. The consonants in peres are exactly the same consonants in ‘Persians’. God not only told Belshazzar that the kingdom would be divided. He told him who would accomplish it, all in one word. ‘That very night Belshazzar, king of the Babylonian’s, was slain.’ (Dan. 5:30)” (Daniel – Beth Moore)

5:26-30 – Generalized translation of the writing on the wall: Mene – I Am! Tekel – I know! Parsin – I act! (Daniel – Beth Moore)

5:30 – 539 BC. (Blueprint – Arthur)

5:31 – the Medes conquered Babylon. The prophetic message of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream about the statue has continued.

“took over the kingdom” – a more literal Aramaic translation is: “Darius the Mede received the kingdom”. “The wording is significant because the name Darius has not surfaced thus far in the Word of God as the ruler over Babylon in this particular period.” Scholars have formed two possibilities about Darius’ identity: either he was appointed by King Cyrus to rule this tiny part of the Medo-Persian Empire, or Darius is King Cyrus. (See Daniel 6:28 and 9:1) (Daniel – Beth Moore)

“The city has been under assault by Cyrus. In anticipation of a long siege the city had stored supplies to last for 20 years. The Euphrates River ran through the city from north to south, so the residents had an ample water supply. Belshazzar had a false sense of security, because the Persian army, led by Ugbaru, was outside Babylon’s city walls…The army diverted the water north of the city by digging a canal from the river to a nearby lake.

With the water diverted, its level receded and the soldiers were able to enter the city by going under the sluice gate. Since the walls were unguarded the Persians, once inside the city, were able to conquer it without a fight.” (Daniel – Beth Moore: The Bible Knowledge Commentary of the Old Testament)

This begins phase 2 of the “times of the Gentiles.” (see Luke 21:24)

In 538 BC, the Israelites were sent home and the holy articles were returned to Israel. Now, we can do the same by returning home to our Father!

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