Friday, January 09, 2015

Homiletics: Romans 4


Contents (not sentence, direct verbiage from Scripture):  Where?                                                                Who?

1
4:1-3
What we say Abraham discovered in this (justification by faith & upholding law); if A justified by works, he had something to boast – not before God; Scripture: “A believed G, credited to him as righteousness.”
2
4:4-5
To one who works, wages obligation; to one who trusts G, faith credited as righteousness.
3
4:6-8
David:  “blessed those whose transgressions forgiven, sins covered, the one whose sin the Lord will never count against them.”
4
4:9-10
Is blessedness only for circumcised, A’s faith credited as righteousness; after he circumcised or before?  Not after, before!
5
4:11-12
A rec’d circumcision as sign/seal of righteousness by faith, so he=father of all who believe but not circumcised that righteousness credited to them; he also father of circumcised who follow in footsteps of faith the A had before he was circumcised.
6
4:13-15
Not through law A & offspring rec’d promise he be heir of world but thru righteousness by faith; if those who depend on law=heirs, faith means nothing/promise worthless bec law brings wrath & where there’s no law, there’s no transgression.
7
4:16-18
TF promise come by faith so it be by grace & guaranteed to A’s offspring – not only to those of law, but those who have faith of A, he father of us all; It written: “I made you father of many nations”; he=our father in sight of G who gives life to dead & calls into being things that were not; A believed, became father of many nations: “so shall your offspring be”.
8
4:19-22
w/o weakening his faith, he faced that body as good as dead since he about 100 y.o. and Sarah’s womb also dead; yet he not waver regarding promise, was strengthened in faith & gave glory to G; fully persuaded G had power to do what promised; this why “credited as righteousness”.
9
4:23-25
“It was credited to him as righteousness” not written for him alone, but also us who believe in Him Who raised J from dead; He delivered to death for our sins, raised to life for our justification.

 


Divisions (run-on sentence OK, direct verbiage from Scripture):

1
4:1-10
Faith credited as righteousness
Principle:
Faith is the only way to be justified before God.
2
4:11-25
Abraham is the father of many nations
Principle:
Having the same sort of faith as Abraham makes us his offspring.

 

Subject Sentence (10-word sentence with proper structure):

Sharing Abraham’s faith, credited as righteousness, makes us his offspring.

 

Aim (Christian and Non-Christian):

TCMATK Jesus died for our sins and was raised to life for our justification and when we have faith in Him, God credits it to us as righteousness, making us heirs.

 

Application:

1
What action will you take to stop justifying yourself by works?
How will you thank God for crediting you with righteousness?
In what ways have you trusted God?
What blessings have you received as a result of your transgressions being forgiven and your sins being covered?
What is the significance of Abraham’s faith being credited as righteousness before he was circumcised?
2
What role did circumcision play in the process of being made righteous in God’s sight?
Who are Abraham’s offspring?
How does Ephesians 2:8-9 clarify what Paul is saying in Romans 4?
How has God delivered you when you’ve been tempted to waver regarding His promise to you?

 

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